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A Review on the Central Nervous System (CNS): Neurological Disorders and Plants with Therapeutic Effects on the CNS

The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the brain and the spinal cord. The central nervous system is a complex organ in the human being; it determines basic functions, such as consciousness, breathing, emotions and thoughts. Brain disorders can result directly from intrinsic dysfunction of the brain or complex interactions between the brain cells and the physical environment. A brain disorder associated with chronic break down and deterioration of neurons of the central nervous system is called a neurodegenerative disease. Statistics have shown that medicinal plants are being widely used in the treatment and management of diseases, such as malaria, diabetes, sickle-cell anemia and microbial infections. Some of these medicinal plants are also being used in the management of disorders of the CNS. These plants include Ginkgo biloba used in the management of symptoms associated with short term memory in Alzheimer’s disease and also in anxiety. Centella asiatica is also used as an anxiolytic agent in the management of epileptic symptoms. Piper methysticum is used to manage hallucination and also as a sedative. Compared to synthetic drug use, medicinal plant treatment is almost free from side effects, when compared to synthetic drug treatment; therefore, it is preferred over synthetic drugs. In conclusion, it can be inferred that the CNS play a vital part in the human body by transmitting impulses via the nerve cells. But unlike other cells of the body which have regenerative properties, the nerve cells lack the ability to regenerate itself this makes a single damage to one or more of the nerve cells a fatal blow to the entire behavioural functions of the body and also treatment of this cell next to impossible. Thus treatment and management of these disorders is a lifetime commitment which makes it necessary to introduce medicinal plants with therapeutic properties into the treatment strategy in other to minimize long-term side effects of synthetic drugs.

CNS, Medicinal Plant, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Ginkgo biloba, Alzheimers

APA Style

Bakare-Akpata Osarobo, Ighodaro Edwin Aigbogun, Ibukun Ereneh Azure. (2022). A Review on the Central Nervous System (CNS): Neurological Disorders and Plants with Therapeutic Effects on the CNS. International Journal of Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology, 7(2), 55-61. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20220702.12

ACS Style

Bakare-Akpata Osarobo; Ighodaro Edwin Aigbogun; Ibukun Ereneh Azure. A Review on the Central Nervous System (CNS): Neurological Disorders and Plants with Therapeutic Effects on the CNS. Int. J. Biochem. Biophys. Mol. Biol. 2022, 7(2), 55-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20220702.12

AMA Style

Bakare-Akpata Osarobo, Ighodaro Edwin Aigbogun, Ibukun Ereneh Azure. A Review on the Central Nervous System (CNS): Neurological Disorders and Plants with Therapeutic Effects on the CNS. Int J Biochem Biophys Mol Biol. 2022;7(2):55-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20220702.12

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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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