Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2017, Page: 61-67
Relationship Between Soil Physico-chemical Parameters and Trace Element Concentrations in Clay Loam Soil in West EL-Fashir City, North Darfur State, Western Sudan
Fatima Siddig Adam Abdel Wahid, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Education, AL-Fashir University, AL-Fashir, Sudan
Hatil Hashim EL-Kamali, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science and Technology, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan
Mohammed Himet Ahmed Fadl, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan
Received: Aug. 26, 2017;       Accepted: Sep. 25, 2017;       Published: Nov. 3, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20170206.11      View  1590      Downloads  97
Abstract
Monitoring of trace elements in soil provides efficient way to assess the qualitative and quantitative differences in element concentrations at different sites within a region. The aim of the study was to assess levels of trace elements regarding accumulation of the metals, as well as investigate whether of the soil factors (chemical and physical) which influence trace element concentrations in soil. The physico-chemical parameters (viz. pH, EC, MC, OC, and textural class) and trace elements concentrations i.e Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb and Zn have been determined in the soils from caly loam region in west AL-Fashir city, Western Sudan. The top soil of this region is predominantly loamy sand. The soil pH varies within the acidic or slightly neutral and range between 6.62 – 7.72. The EC values were found to vary between 0.155-0.360. OC is very low (mean 0.081±0.007). MC range between 0.230 – 0.430%. Average trace element concentrations decreased according to: Fe-Co-Ni-Cr-Zn. The sub-soil of this region is predominantly loamy sand. The soil pH varies within the range 6.02-7.10. The EC values were found between 0.162-0.275. OC is very low (mean 0.093+0.020). MC range between 0.230-0.430%. Average trace element concentrations decreased according to: Fe -Mn-Cr-Zn. The t-test showed that, elemental pairs: Ni-Cd, Cd-Cr, Mn-Cr, Pb-Cd, Cu-Cr, Cu-Cd, Cu-Mn, Zn-Cd, Fe-Mn, Fe-Pb, Fe-Cr, and Fe-Mo were showed significant differences in their concentrations in the study region, top-soil. In the top-soil, pH was high positively correlated with silt (r=0.760), whereas in the sub-soil, pH was highly positive correlated with EC (r= 0.755). The extraction of trace elements from soils of North Darfur for industrial use (especially, Fe, Cr and Cu) should be investigated.
Keywords
Soil Physico-Chemical Parameters, Trace Elements, Clay Loam Soil, West Al-Fashir, North Darfur, Western Sudan
To cite this article
Fatima Siddig Adam Abdel Wahid, Hatil Hashim EL-Kamali, Mohammed Himet Ahmed Fadl, Relationship Between Soil Physico-chemical Parameters and Trace Element Concentrations in Clay Loam Soil in West EL-Fashir City, North Darfur State, Western Sudan, International Journal of Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2017, pp. 61-67. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20170206.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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