Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2019, Page: 13-18
Evaluation of Mineral Profile and Selected Component of Improved Onion (Allium cepa L.) Varieties in Ethiopia
Kebede Dinkecha, Ethiopian Institute of Agriculture Research (EIAR), Holeta Agriculture Research Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Yohannes Habteyesus, Ethiopian Institute of Agriculture Research (EIAR), Holeta Agriculture Research Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: May 15, 2019;       Accepted: Jun. 20, 2019;       Published: Sep. 25, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20190401.13      View  593      Downloads  57
Because of its significant ingredient in various dishes, medicinal property, nutritional worth and energy value, red onions (Allium cepa L.) impart numerous health benefits to users. The purpose of this research was to determine mineral composition and selected physicochemical properties of different red onion (Allium cepa L.) varieties grown at same field management condition in Ethiopia as well as comparative study among varieties and between study varieties and standard reference. All field and laboratory data was analyzed using statics 10.0 soft ware and the result of both macro and micro nutrient mineral content in the onion bulbs revealed significant difference among the varieties at (P<0.05). Comparative study was conducted to investigate the mineral composition between studied improved varieties and standard reference and the result showed that Ethiopian onion cultivars were high in Na (147.75 – 189.05ppm), K (10219 – 11013ppm) and Ca (1223.2 – 1566.9ppm, Mg (609.07 – 703.56ppm), TP (2609.7 – 3055.8ppm), S (456.40 – 540.34ppm), Cu (2.179 – 2.47) and Fe (48.353 – 61.43ppm) content than standard (40.0, 1460, 230, 100, 1642.3, 168.0, 0.403 and 21.0ppm respectively) but low in Mn (9.55 – 14.457), Zn (14.84 – 22.483) and B (4.81 – 6.02ppm) than standard (12.9, 17.0, 6.10ppm) respectively). The result of soil data for both macro and micronutrient were low in the studied area.
Macro and Micronutrient, Mineral Analysis, Onion, Standard, Varieties
To cite this article
Kebede Dinkecha, Yohannes Habteyesus, Evaluation of Mineral Profile and Selected Component of Improved Onion (Allium cepa L.) Varieties in Ethiopia, International Journal of Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 13-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20190401.13
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
A. K. M. Hossain and J. Islam (1994) Status of Allium cepa L. production in Bangladesh, Horticulture. Abstract, vol. 58, pp. 33-36.
Akinwande, B. A. and Olatunde, S. J., 2015, Comparative evaluation of the mineral profile and other selected components of onion and garlic. Department of Food Science and Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Inter. Food Res. Jour 22 (1): p332-336.
Asanga Edet, Olorunfemi Eseyin and Ekanem Aniebiet, 2015, Anti-nutrients composition and mineral analysis of allium cepa (onion) bulbs; Department of Biochemistry, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.
Association of Official Analytical chemists/AOAC, “Determination of metals in plant using ICP-OES.” Journal of Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 68: 499.
Bremner, J. M. and C. S. Mulvaney, (1982). Total Nitrogen. In: Page, A. L., R. H. Miller and D. R. Keeney (eds). Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. American Society of Agronomy. Madison, Wiscosin, pp: 595-624.
F, M. Musa Özcan. 2006, Determination of the mineral compositions of some selected oil-bearing seeds and kernels using Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Selçuk University, 42031 Konya, Turkey.
J. D. M. Sullivan, Extension Soil Scientist, Oregon State University; B. D. Brown, Soil and Cereal Crop Management Extension Specialist, University of Idaho; C. C. Shock, Professor and Superintendent, Malheur Experiment Station, Oregon State University; D. A. 2001.
H. Green field and D. A. T. (1992) South gate, Food composition data: production, management and use, UK: Elsevier Applied Science.
Kassa Belay et al., 2014. Validation of a Method for Determining Heavy Metals in Some Ethiopian Spices By Dry Ashing Using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Adirat University. Ethiopia International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies ISSN 2028-9324 Vol. 5 No. 4, pp. 327-332.
Kebede Dinkecha et al., 2017. Determination of Nutritional Profile and Physicochemical Properties of Improved Onion (Allium cepa L.) Varieties in Ethiopia. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2017, pp. 86-93.
Lawal, A. and Matazu, S. S., 2015, Comparative Studies of White and Red Allium cepa Cultivated in Sokoto, Nigeria; Chem Search Journal 6 (2): 14–20, Department of Pure and Industrial chemistry, University Katsina, Publication of Chemical Society of Nigeria.
Mohammed Idaan, Hazim Y-ALQubury, 2016 Determination of Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) Contents in various fruit and vegetable by UV-spectrophotometry and titration methods Babylon University, College of Science, Chemistry Department, 2972 JCPS Volume 9.
Mustafa S. et al., (2016) “Comparison of digestion procedures for the determination of trace metal contents in spice samples produced in Turkey,” Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, Vol. 12 (3), P. 254-258.
Misgana Mitiku, and Awoke Tadesse (2017). Adaptability study of improved onion (Allium cepa L.) Varieties at South Ari woreda of South Omo zone, Ethiopia. International Journal of Research - Granthaalayah, 5 (7), 541-545.
Olsen, S. R, C. V, Cole, F. S. Watanabe, and L. A Dean 1954. Estimation of Available P in a soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circ. 939.
Reta Birhanu and Bhagwan chandravanshi, 2012. Concentration levels of major and trace metals in onion (Allium Cepa L.) and irrigation water around Meki town and Lake Ziway, Ethiopia, Dep. chem., Addis Ababa University. Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiopia. 26 (1), 27-42.
R. K. and Tailor A. W. 1955. The measurement of soil PH, soil science. Soc. Am. Proc. 19: 165-167.
R. Sarker et al (2017). Effect of planting method on onion bulb production in Faridpur region of Bangladesh. Archives of Agriculture and Environmental Science 2 (2): 63-67.
Statics 10. 0 (2013) Analytical software analysis of variance among dependent variable and associative test for correlation (Pearson).
USDA standard (2015). National Nutrient Data base for Standard Reference Release 27, The National Agricultural Library, Full Report (All Nutrients) 11282, Onions, raw.
Walkley, A. F. (1934). An examination of the method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci. Journal Vol. 6 pp186-189.
Weldemariam Seifu et al, (2015). Growth Parameters of Onion (Allium cepa L. varieties) as Affected by Nitrogen Fertilizer Rates and Intra-row Spacing Under Irrigation in Gode, South-Eastern Ethiopia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Vol. 4, No. 6, pp. 239-245.
Browse journals by subject