Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2020, Page: 18-28
Response of Head Cabbage (Brassica olearacea L.) Yield to Application of Different Rates of Inorganic Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizers at Bore, Southern Ethiopia
Solomon Teshome, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Crop Research Process, Bore, Ethiopia
Received: Sep. 6, 2020;       Accepted: Sep. 22, 2020;       Published: Oct. 14, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20200501.13      View  9      Downloads  4
Abstract
The field trial was conducted during 2017 and 2018 main cropping season at the Bore Agricultural Research Centre which is located in Gudji Zones, of Southern Ethiopia to determine the effect of different application rates of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers on growth, yield and yield components of head cabbage and to identify their economically appropriate rates that maximize yield of head cabbage. The experiment was carried out to study cabbage variety Olsen to added N and P nutrients in respect to growth, yield and yield related parameters of the crop. The longest head initiation (90 days) and longest (140) days to maturity was attained in 294 kg ha-1 Nitrogen and 138 kg ha-1 phosphorus treatment, while shortest head initiation (64.33 days) was obtained in control treatment. The maximum plant height (26.4 cm) was recorded for the treatment T3P4 (235 +138 kag ha-1), while the lowest (16.9 cm) plant height was recorded from the T1P1 (control) treatment. Nutrient levels markedly influenced the diameter, height, head mass and yield of head cabbage. The maximum average head diameter (25.44 cm) and average height (27.33 cm) was recorded in treatment receiving 235 kg N and 82 kg P ha-1. Combined application of 235 kg N ha-1 with the 82 kg P ha-1 produced the highest (2356.67 g) untrimmed head weight of cabbage followed by second maximum (2133.33 g) untrimmed head weight with the rate of 235 kg N ha-1 with the 110 kg P ha-1 while the least (1120.67 g) untrimmed head weight was recorded for the control treatment. Combined application of 235 kg nitrogen and 82 kg phosphorus ha-1 (N3P2) recorded maximum (69.00 t) head yield without wrapper ha-1 and the lowest (27.66 t ha-1) was recorded by control treatment. The marginal rate of returns, which determines the acceptability of any treatments shows that treatments that received 235 kg N ha-1 in combination with 82 kg ha-1 of P yielded 43498 % marginal revenue. Therefore, this combined nutrient application rates can be recommended in the research area and similar agro-ecologies since it is the most feasible rates for the producers because of its low cost of production and higher benefits.
Keywords
Combined, Nitrogen, Nutrient, Olsen, Phosphorus, Treatment
To cite this article
Solomon Teshome, Response of Head Cabbage (Brassica olearacea L.) Yield to Application of Different Rates of Inorganic Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizers at Bore, Southern Ethiopia, International Journal of Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 18-28. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20200501.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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